Need, importance, purpose and scope of vocational guidance
Vocational guidance is the assistance given to students in choosing and preparing for a suitable vocation. It is concerned primarily with helping individuals make decision and choices involved in planning future and a career decision and choices necessary in effecting satisfactory vocational adjustment.
- What shall I do in life?
- What an I best fitted for?
- How shall I find out my abilities and capacities?
- Who can guide me in selection of a career?
Vocational guidance would assist an individual in solving these problems. Vocational guidance is sometimes described as the process of “fitting round pegs in round holes and square page in square holes.”
According to ‘Crow and Crow’ “Vocational Guidance usually is interpreted as the assistance given to the learners to choose, prepare for and progress in an occupation.”
According to ‘Myers’ “Vocational Guidance is the process of assisting the individual to do for himself certain definite things pertaining to his vocation.”
Aim and Objectives of Vocational Guidance:
- Assisting the students to acquire such knowledge of the characteristics and functions, duties, responsibilities and rewards of occupations that are within the range of this choice.
- Assisting a pupil to discover his own abilities and skills and to fit them into general requirements of the occupation under consideration.
- Assisting the pupil to evaluate his own capabilities and interests with regard to their worth to him and to society.
- Helping the individual develop an attitude towards work that will dignify whatever type of occupation he may wish to enter.
- give exploration opportunity in different areas of school learning and vocational exploration that will enable the learner to get the feel of several types of activities.
- Assisting the individual to think critically about types of occupations and to lean a technique for analyzing information about vocations.
- Assisting the mentally handicapped, the physically handicapped of the economically handicapped to make the adjustment that will be best for them in their struggle for a fuller life and for personal and social welfare.
- Instilling in the pupil a confidence in the teachers and other guidance personal that will encourage him when he confers with them on personal and vocational problems.
- Assisting the pupil to secure the necessary information about the facilities offered by various educational institutions engaging in vocational training.
- Providing information for the learner about admission requirements, the length of training, and the cost of attending any institution of higher learning to which he my wish to go after graduation for high school in order to continue his vocational preparation.
- Giving assistance during school years so that the individual will be able to adjust on the job work conditions and to other workers.
- Assisting each pupil to appreciate his rightful place in a group of workers and to become a functional member of the team.
- Altering the pupil to the long-range training needed to become proficient in most lines of endeavor.
- Cautioning each learner concerning fads and pseudoscientific shortcuts to vocational competency.
- Helping the learner realize that success is purchased at the price of effort, and that satisfaction on the job derives from doing his work competently.
Need of Vocational Guidance
According to ‘Mayers’, vocational guidance is needed for the following reasons:
Wrong Profession and Economic & Psychic Loss: If an individual stays in a wrong profession for a long time, then he suffers economically, & psychologically. i.e., there is a financial loss to himself as well to the organization. The individual is not happy. He is frustrated. His family life is affected.
Economic advantages: Vocational guidance provides many economical advantages to the employers. Their problems are fewer because the workers enjoy job satisfaction.
Health Point of View: It is needed from the point of view of health of the workers. If the profession is such where health of worker breaks down, production suffers and morale of workers goes down.
Personal and Social Values: There are large numbers of personal and social values of vocational guidance. Learning a side financial consideration, the workers happiness, his personal development, his value as a social unit and his contributions to human welfare are all involved, Right vocational guidance helps us achieve that.
Maximum Utilization of Human Potentialities: We are truly benefited if the human potentialities are utilized of the maximum with the help of vocational guidance.
Vocational Guidance at Different Stages:
A. Elementary Stage:
Not much can be done at elementary stage strictly in term of guidance. However, the teacher as guidance worker can do the following:-
- Create love and respect-positive attitude-for normal work.
- Train the use of hands of the child.
- Create the habit of neat and systematic work.
- Create and achieve hand-eye coordination.
- Encourage neatness in work.
- Encourage development of good relationships amongst themselves.
B. Secondary School Stage:
- The child should be helped to know himself. Entire vocational guidance depends upon it.
- The child should be helped to make right choice
- Familiarity about the world of work can be given
- The child can be placed during high school in a suitable job
- Whether the child will go to college or remain in a job can be also decided.
C. At College Level:
- Assisting students to relate their studies to the vocations that would be open to them at the end of their college career.
- Assisting them to make a detailed study of the careers, which they would like to pursue.
- Assisting them to acquaint themselves with different avenues of work.
- Assisting them to acquaint themselves with avenues of higher studies.
- Assisting them to know about the various programmes of financial assistance scholarships, fellowships for improving their prospects.
Scope of Vocational Guidance:
Analysis of the Individual: Without extensive knowledge about the individual desirous of getting vocational guidance, it would be impossible to effects this matching with the vocation. Competent men do this appraisal through various tests.
Occupational Information: Next to analysis of the individual is the collection and dissemination of information about an occupation in order to place the right person in the right job at right-time.
Community Occupational Surveys and Follow up Studies: Most of us prefer jobs in immediate neighborhood. Vocational information can be focused upon local conditions. Community occupational surveys and follow up study of school exstudents will provide data on local training and employment conditions and job opportunities.
Group Activities: Much of the work of self-appraisal and occupational study handled most efficiently through group approach. Group activities in vocational guidance can be done by the properly educated and training teachers. These activities stress the methodology of vocational selection, preparation, acquiring and advancement. Then provide occupational motivation and information through field trips, career conferences, etc.
Counseling: Counseling is a technique of guidance- any type of guidance where in individual help is given to students.
Placement: This is also important activity of vocational guidance. It cannot be left to chance.